CULTIVATION OF LAVANDA ONCE SATISFIED ONCE AND GETTING BY $ 10,000 PER YEAR FROM 1GA
Lavender is a popular plant not only in the regions of France and China. Exporting the seeds of these flowers to other countries brings farmers a high profit. Since the supply of “purple gold” from France, from Eastern European countries such as Bulgaria and Asia – China has recently declined. Farmers drew attention to this free niche in the CIS. Lavender came to Europe from ancient Rome, but today the market is still gaining momentum. After all, lavender is increasingly used as an alternative for various chemical additives and components, and the demand for environmentally friendly products in modern markets is growing. For example, today, natural lavender oil is added as a flavoring to laundry detergents, dishwashing detergents and home cleaning.
Lavender is used in various industries: pharmaceutical, food, cosmetic and others. That is why the profitability of this business will be very high (up to 8 thousand euros per 1 hectare). It is also important to note that lavender is a perennial plant. Sowed once and earn $ 10,000 a year from 1 hectare. It is important to correctly draw up a business plan and plan expenses in order to quickly recoup this business idea.
CULTIVATION OF LAVANDA AND MAINTENANCE IN OPEN GROUND
The first harvest.
Starting a business is to select a site. In the cultivation of lavender, as a rule, are interested as the owners of large land, and farmers who own small plots. 0.5-1 hectares of land is enough for trial growing lavender.
Lavender is not demanding on the quality of the soil and can grow on any soil. The planting of lavender takes place in the fall or spring. It is recommended to plant the cuttings all the same in the autumn, as over the winter they will have time to root and grow well, so the crop is rich. March is best for spring disembarkation, but you can start work at the end of February, if the winter was warm enough.
The landing can be done manually or mechanically. A team of 4-5 people can plant 1 hectare of land in 7-10 days, special equipment to cope with this task in 2 days. It is important to properly form the beds, think about the width between them. It should be large if you are going to harvest the crop by machine so that equipment can easily pass between the beds without damaging the plants.
Lavender – unpretentious in the care of a plant that can withstand temperatures from -20 to +40 degrees. It tolerates heat well, and only young plants require daily watering. For greater yields, it is desirable to provide high-quality irrigation to seedling fields. You can plant plants near the pond to organize drip irrigation was easier and cheaper. But it is worth considering the nuance that lavender easily rot with increased moisture, so the fields for planting should be at such a distance from water bodies so that there is no risk of flooding.
Lavender blooms in summer, but in April-May you will notice the first signs that the plant has stuck in the ground. There are no pests that can spoil your lavender harvest, because insects and fungi do not destroy lavender, because their ethereal odor scares them away. But with the weeds in the first years of cultivation will have to fight. It is forbidden to treat the fields with chemicals if you are planning to sell to the cosmetic or food industry, therefore, weeding should be done 5-6 times per season. This can be done both manually and with the help of special agricultural equipment.
Plant reproduction occurs by growing from seed (self-sowing) and dividing the bush. Thanks to this, the lavender field can grow without planting up to 20 years! It is important only once in 5-6 years to spend a rejuvenating haircut bushes. The maximum profit will be possible starting from the 3rd year.
BUSINESS FOR CULTIVATION OF LAVANDA FROM SEEDLING
Cuttings of flowers.
For 1 hectare of land will need 18 000pcs. seedlings with machine landing 24 thousand – with manual. Today, one lavender seedling costs $ 1. It is important that the cutting height is at least 10 cm. The stalk should protrude slightly above the ground. This means that the plant will be less rotten. It is also particularly important to pay attention to the plant variety and its characteristics, the most important of which is the percentage of essential oil. Perennial lavender variety “early” is popular in the middle zone of the CIS. This variety has good winter hardiness and good yield. And contains at least 2% of the content of essential oils (this is quite a decent figure).
Note. At the initial stage of the business, you can try to grow planting material yourself from seeds.
The yield of lavender is 65-70 c / ha of raw materials. From one hectare really get 90kg of essential oil. The wholesale price for 1 liter of lavender essential oil is 50 euros, and retail from 80 euros. To adjust the implementation of lavender essential oil through the online store and bulletin boards in social networks. Thus, the harvest from the 1st hectare can actually be sold for $ 10,000 in retail.