GROWING CABBAGE MAKES MAXIMUM PROFIT
White cabbage is the leader among vegetables by the types of culinary dishes that can be made from it. Cabbage can be cooked, stewed, fried, baked, boiled, canned, salted and consumed raw in various salads. Cabbage has an important advantage in comparison with other vegetables. It is worth noting excellent lightness and transportability. The storage time significantly increased the hybrid varieties that are stored until the next harvest. Now, thanks to the varieties and hybrids, the population is provided with cabbage all year round. The agrotechnology of white cabbage is rather simple and not whimsical (in the presence of watering to support moisture in the soil). And everyone knows about the beneficial properties, the amount of vitamins and minerals that are contained in cabbage, and advertising is not appropriate here.
The average yield of cabbage in the traditional cultivation is in the range of 50-100 tons per hectare. Agrotechnics known since time immemorial. Progress over the centuries improved its new agricultural technology. But paradoxically, the profitability of each hectare of land has decreased due to the cost of fuel and lubricants for advanced agricultural equipment. Therefore, with a small amount of land it is necessary to focus on the profitability of investments. But income will depend, first of all, on the desire to work in this area, on the volume of the product being produced.
GROWING CABBAGE IN OPEN GROUND
Cabbage in the field. The cabbage is cold-resistant culture and can withstand short-term frosts down to -3 degrees. But all the same, the favorable temperature for large yields is in the range of plus 15-18 degrees. Agricultural cultivation of cabbage requires moisture control. This is the main difficulty in agricultural technology, on which the profit of this business depends most.
It is necessary to actively water the cabbage in the period of tying its head. Then the soil moisture should not be below 70%. But an excess of moisture (above 85%) can spoil the quality of the vegetable and even reduce the yield. With poor aeration of the soil, the roots and leaves rot. Sharp breaks between watering lead to cracking heads.
Cabbage cultivation technology:
Fertile soil. In the fall, you can make manure, compost or peat. Calculation – 4kg. on the square. The site is good to plow.
Humidity is important for vegetables. Sandy soil – not suitable. If there is not enough moisture in the region, artificial irrigation is needed.
Every 2-3 years we transfer the vegetable to another place. It grows well after tomatoes, cucumbers, legumes, onions, and root crops.
Planting cabbage seedlings:
Cabbage is grown through seedlings. Shoots appear after 3-4 days at room temperature (+ 20 ° C). Conditions – moderate watering and long light day (it will be necessary to illuminate the seedlings with lamps).
Cabbage planting technology requires careful preparation. It is necessary to sort the weak sprouts and leave only with thick stems (4mm in diameter) and dark green leaves (4-6 pieces per sprout).
The planting of cabbage seedlings is carried out in the first decade of May in case of cloudy weather or at the end of the second half of the day’s light period. On one hectare should fall no more than 30-35 thousand sprouts. With a greater density will not be able to get the head of 3-4 kg.
Seedlings are ready for planting in open ground when they have 4-6 leaves. Before this, it is important to harden the seedlings, periodically putting it on the street. For a couple of hours.
The timing of planting depends on the grade. Early cabbage is planted from mid-April to early May (depending on the region). According to the film. Shelter can be removed when night temperatures do not fall below 7 °. Mid-season varieties transferred to the open ground since the end of May. Late – since the beginning of June.
Recommended planting scheme for early varieties – 30 X 60 cm. For mid-season and late – 50 X 70 cm.
Top dressing of white cabbage:
When it takes 2-3 weeks after planting, 50 kg / ha of urea, 100 kg / ha, superphosphate 80 kg / ha of potash salt should be added to the soil.
The second feeding for the crop is made at the beginning of the formation of heads. It consists of: 120 kg / ha of urea, 80 kg / ha of potash salt. Significantly enhances the effect if fertilizer is applied along with irrigation.
While the seedlings take root and get stronger, it is recommended to water the cabbage daily. Subsequently enough once a week. If natural moisture is enough, then less.
Loosening of the soil is permissible not deeper than 5 cm. It is impossible to “approach” the plant closer than 6 cm to the stem of the plant.
Top dressings are useful for improving yields. Directly at the landing in each well – half a teaspoon of superphosphate and a little ash. For soil disinfection – a weak solution of potassium permanganate. In the process of growth – ammonium nitrate, potash fertilizers and superphosphate (2 times per season).
If you do not protect the crop from pests, all efforts will be in vain. Cabbage will have to handle regularly. Those chemicals that are sold in the region.
There is also a seedless way of growing white, but it will require special seeds.